Lawn types: which grass to choose?

Lawn types: which grass to choose?

When it comes to plant essences present in the garden we think of plants, shrubs, flower beds, while the turf is generally classified simply as "grass". In reality lawn grass is not all the same: there are many different species with which we can make our green turf.

If we find ourselves designing the garden and decide to sow a lawn area, we must therefore choose the type of seed, based on what we want to achieve. We can put a lawn resistant to drought, walkable, particularly green, flowery or low maintenance.

A large one will therefore be useful overview of the different meadows and on the types of grass that can be used, from fescue to ryegrass, analyzing the most important characteristics of the most common species in gardening.

How to choose the lawn

To decide which plants to use when sowing the lawn we have to think about different aspects: climate of the area in which we find ourselves, sun exposure of the area to be used as a lawn, type of use that will have the point of the garden where the grass will go.

Based on these three factors we will be able to choose which seed to plant, often a good idea is to put a mixture containing several types of different plants, which by diversifying offer better performance.

  • Climate. The first constraint is to choose plants that are well suited to the climate in which we find ourselves. If we are in a cold area you will need a rustic and resistant turf, while in warm places it may be worth opting for well-rooted and drought tolerant species.
  • Solar exposure. If the lawn is in the shade, it is necessary to opt for a seed that is still able to form a good green cover, not all lawns respond well in the absence of sun all day.
  • Type of use. A purely ornamental lawn can be delicate, while a lived-in garden must respond well to trampling, especially lawns where sports are practiced or where children play.

Micro-thermal and macro-thermal seeds

Getting a perfect lawn is important choose seeds taking the climate into account. We can say that this choice criterion is the first to consider, if you want a long-lasting turf that is able to go through the winter and summer without suffering. Lawn seeds are divided into two groups: micro-thermal and macro-thermal, according to the needs in terms of temperature.

  • Microterme. Micro-thermal grasses are defined as grassy lawn species that have an active growth during the spring and autumn period and are therefore suitable for creating uniform and compact lawns even in predominantly cold and humid climates. For example, the fescue aundinacea, the fescue rubra, the agrostis belong to the group of microtherms.
  • Macrotherms. Macrothermal species are defined as species suitable for warm or temperate climates, which need a temperature between 25 and 35 ° C to grow. Compared to the former they are more resistant to fungi and weeds, but more sensitive to insect attacks. They generally respond best to drought. Cydon, better known as weed, Paspalum, Zoysia japonica belong to the macroterme seeds.

Types of lawn

There are different types of lawn that we can create in the garden, each with its own characteristics. For the different needs, different types of seeds have been selected that meet the various needs, in order to obtain the desired lawn. If we decide to create a lawn for ornamental purposes, it must have specific characteristics to appear bright and delicate, while if we want to create a lawn in which to practice sports or let children play, it must be resistant and suitable for walking.

Here is a broad overview of the various types of lawn that we can choose to create.

Ornamental lawn and lawn

The ornamental or decorative lawn its main purpose is the aesthetic aspect, it must therefore be soft and tidy, with a beautiful intense green. To be always in order, it requires very regular cuts and an irrigation system that guarantees constant water supply.

An important distinction to determine how to sow this type of lawn is to know if it is a green area a pure ornamental end, and can therefore be extremely delicate grass, or if it must be walked on, therefore choosing plants with more consistent roots.

English lawn. Lawn is part of the ornamental lawns and is one of most famous and sought after types, although certainly not easy to maintain. It stands out for its bright color and its thick and lush growth. When it is kept well and cared for to perfection it looks like a precious one carpet, soft and soft, on which it is pleasant to walk. In an English lawn, the grass is usually 3-4 cm long and requires care and maintenance to obtain excellent results. From the climatic point of view it is a grassy surface unsuitable for dry and very hot areas, in fact traditionally it is made with micro-thermal seeds suitable for the climate of England. The most suitable plants for obtaining a good resistant English lawn are the Festuca arundinacea and the Poa pratensis.

Decorative grass of gramigna. With less maintenance we can obtain a decorative mantle made of weed, thanks to its excellent rooting, it will be much more resistant to heat and less dependent on irrigation.

Fine decorative lawn. Very resistant ornamental lawn, obtained with essences that are sown very dense and they have a robust root system, which gives excellent resistance, adapting to foot traffic and careless maintenance.

Walkable lawn

If the ornamental lawn is mainly asked to remain tidy, soft and green, the walkable lawn is instead that on which you can walk, without fear of ruining it. The walkable lawn is the one most used in home gardens, especially if there are children. Particular types of walkable lawn are i sports lawns.

This kind of turf to be resistant must necessarily have a strong root system, therefore it will not require much care, the grass used is resistant to stress, not only those caused by foot traffic but also by sudden changes in temperature.

To get this lawn it is advisable to use a mix of Lolium perenne and Poa pratensis with small percentages of Festuca rubra.

Low maintenance lawns

You do not always have the opportunity to keep up with the garden consistently: often there is no time to make cuts, maintenance and irrigation, then there may be problems of water shortage when wetting. If we know we are in this situation, it will be better to choose a seed that guarantees a turf easy to maintain.

The low maintenance lawn types are the ones that they require little care, have good stability and resistance to foot traffic. In addition, they resist drought well and therefore frequent irrigation is not necessary manual or even less with automatic irrigation systems. The choice of seeds must be adaptable to various exposures and growth should preferably be slow.

To create low-maintenance lawns it is generally advisable to opt for a mix of seeds consisting of 80% of Festuca Arundinacea, 10% of Poa Pratese and 10% of Loietto.

Rustic lawn

The rustic lawn sacrifices the aesthetic appearance and is less uniform and soft, on the other hand it is very resistant, it needs little care and is suitable for those who have little time to devote to it. Furthermore, it does not allow weeds to proliferate and damage it, it maintains fertility, counteracting the deleterious effects of rains.

It can be the ideal solution for carpeting slopes and sloping land, where its strong roots also help to avoid erosion, ideal as an open space for children to play, it can be achieved with perennial laliun, fescue rubra, poa pratensis.

Lawn in the shade

Also in north side near the house or under the trees, where there is no light, it is possible to obtain a beautiful lawn, strong and resistant. The shaded lawn is the one that is also found inside a garden with trees, and its realization is also frequent in condominium gardens.

We therefore choose seeds of species that live well even with little sun exposure, the most suitable for obtaining a good lawn in the shade are the fescue rubra, longifolia and Festuca arundinacea.

Flowery meadow

Beautiful to look at and also easy to grow, the flowery lawn requires little water and little maintenance. These are lawns obtained by combining various grasses, the effect is less tidy than other uniform lawns, but not unpleasant for this. It is more inspired by a country meadow.

Valid ally of the environment, it provides plants useful for biodiversity e to get it it is advisable to use mix of seeds of annual and perennial plants, so you get a rich and varied turf. Among the herbs the best to be included in the mix are the English ryegrass and Poa pratensis.

Variety of grass

The species of grass that we find in the lawn deserve to be explored with a separate discussion, entering into the specifics of the characteristics of each species. Here we summarize some peculiar aspects for the most common lawn seeds, which are those that generally make up the mixes to be sown.

  • Festuca. S.i treats of a herb resistant to foot traffic, which grows and spreads easily but does not need frequent cuts. It also adapts very well to areas where the climate is warmer and the ground is arid. The most used varieties are a Festuca Arundinacea, a grass that adapts to different types of soil and allows for a coarser texture, and the Festuca Rubra, which gives life to thin tufts of grass and allows for a uniform and compact coat.
  • Agrostide. This variety of grass includes over 120 species that favor a fertile, soft and humid soil, rich in organic substance. Agrostide adapts well to cool areas, produces a compact and dense mantle and does not need frequent cuts, but is not very resistant to trampling.
  • English ryegrass. Also known as Lolium Perenne, it has fast growth and good resistance, but requires frequent maintenance and cutting. This variety of grass easily adapts to all types of soil and since it tends to suffocate other species, it is generally proposed in a mix with other seeds.
  • Poa pratense. This variety of grass has good resistance to trampling and adapts to various types of terrain, but prefers sunny exposures. The variety also bears very low cuts, even up to 2 cm and does not require much maintenance.

Let's avoid the rolling lawn

Sometimes to create the desired lawn you opt for the solution of the lawn in rolls, which allows you to get a perfect lawn with greater ease as it is already ready and just unroll it on the ground already prepared and compact it to be sure that it grows luxuriantly.

There are various reasons for avoiding it: in the first place its cost, not to mention that success is far from guaranteed and if some streaks or areas do not take root, you find yourself with some yellowed patches in the middle of the green lawn.

But aside from the expense and the risk of bankruptcy, the invitation to avoid rolling lawns is for ecological reasons. Those who make the rolls keep them almost always using all sorts of chemical products, in order to be able to maintain them with little expense and with little time. Furthermore, transport is demanding and therefore not very sustainable. Sowing the lawn requires a little patience before the seedlings colonize the area, but it is worth waiting a little rather than resorting to the roll.

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